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Historical Understandings

SS5H1 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century.

a. Describe the role of the cattle trails in the late 19th century; include the Black Cowboys of Texas, the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the Chisholm Trail.

b. Describe the impact on American life of the Wright brothers (flight), George Washington Carver (science), Alexander Graham Bell (communication), and Thomas Edison (electricity).

c. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world; include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal.

d. Describe the reasons people emigrated to the United States, from where they emigrated, and where they settled.

SS5H2 The student will describe U.S. involvement in World War I and post-World War I America.

a. Explain how German attacks on U.S. shipping during the war in Europe (1914-1917) ultimately led the U.S. to join the fight against Germany; include the sinking of the Lusitania and concerns over safety of U.S. ships, U.S. contributions to the war, and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

b. Describe the cultural developments and individual contributions in the 1920s of the Jazz Age (Louis Armstrong), the Harlem Renaissance (Langston Hughes), baseball (Babe Ruth), the automobile (Henry Ford), and the airplane (Charles Lindbergh).

SS5H3 The student will explain how the Great Depression and New Deal affected the lives of millions of Americans.

a. Discuss the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Roosevelt, the Dust Bowl, and soup kitchens.

b. Analyze the main features of the New Deal; include the significance of the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Works Progress Administration, and the Tennessee Valley Authority.

c. Discuss important cultural elements of the 1930s; include Duke Ellington, Margaret Mitchell, and Jesse Owens.

SS5H4 The student will explain the reasons for America’s involvement in World War II.

a. Describe Germany’s aggression in Europe and Japan’s aggression in Asia.

b. Describe major events in the war in both Europe and the Pacific; include Pearl Harbor, Iwo Jima, D-Day, VE and VJ Days, and the Holocaust.

c. Discuss President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

d. Identify Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill, Hirohito, Truman, Mussolini, and Hitler.

e. Describe the effects of rationing and the changing role of women and African- Americans; include “Rosie the Riveter” and the Tuskegee Airmen.

f. Explain the U.S. role in the formation of the United Nations.

SS5H5 The student will discuss the origins and consequences of the Cold War.

a. Explain the origin and meaning of the term “Iron Curtain.”

b. Explain how the United States sought to stop the spread of communism through the Berlin airlift, the Korean War, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

c. Identify Joseph McCarthy and Nikita Khrushchev.

d. Discuss the importance of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War.

SS5H6 The student will describe the importance of key people, events, and developments between 1950-1975.

a. Analyze the effects of Jim Crow laws and practices.

b. Explain the key events and people of the Civil Rights movement; include Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, Civil Rights Act, Voting Rights Act, and civil rights activities of Thurgood Marshall, Lyndon B. Johnson, Cesar Chavez, Rosa Parks, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

c. Describe the impact on American society of the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

d. Discuss the significance of the technologies of television and space exploration.

SS5H7 The student will trace important developments in America since 1975.

a. Describe the collapse of the Soviet Union, including the role of Ronald Reagan.

b. Describe the events of September 11, 2001, and analyze their impact on American life.

Explain the impact of the personal computer and the Internet on American life.

Geographic Understandings

SS5G1 The student will locate important places in the United States.

a. Locate important man-made places; include the Chisholm Trail; Pittsburgh, PA; Gettysburg, PA; Kitty Hawk, NC; Pearl Harbor, HI; Montgomery, AL; and Chicago, IL.

SS5G2 The student will explain the reasons for the spatial patterns of economic activities.

a. Locate primary agricultural and industrial locations between the end of the Civil War and 1900 and explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources have influenced these areas (e.g., Pittsburgh’s rapid growth in the late nineteenth century).

b. Locate primary agricultural and industrial locations since the turn of the 20th century and explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources have influenced these areas (e.g., Chicago’s rapid growth at the turn of the century).

Government/Civic Understandings

SS5CG1 The student will explain how a citizen’s rights are protected under the U.S. Constitution.

a. Explain the responsibilities of a citizen.

b. Explain the concept of due process of law and describe how the U.S. Constitution protects a citizen’s rights by due process.

SS5CG2 The student will explain the process by which amendments to the U.S. Constitution are made.

a. Explain the amendment process outlined in the Constitution.

b. Describe the purpose for the amendment process.

SS5CG3 The student will explain how amendments to the U. S. Constitution have maintained a representative democracy.

a. Explain the purpose of the 12th and 17th amendments.

b. Explain how voting rights were protected by the 15th, 19th, 23rd, 24th , and 26th amendments.

Economic Understandings

SS5E1 The student will use the basic economic concepts of trade, opportunity cost, specialization, voluntary exchange, productivity, and price incentives to illustrate historical events.

a. Describe opportunity costs and their relationship to decision-making across time (e.g., decisions by individuals in response to rationing during WWII).

b. Explain how price incentives affect people’s behavior and choices (e.g., decisions to participate in cattle trails because of increased beef prices).

c. Describe how specialization can improve standards of living and productivity (e.g., how Henry Ford’s use of the assembly line reduced the price of automobiles).

d. Describe how trade and voluntary exchange promotes economic activity (e.g., how the Panama Canal increases trade among countries).

SS5E2 The student will describe the functions of four major sectors in the U. S. economy.

a. Describe the household function in providing resources and consuming goods and services.

b. Describe the private business function in producing goods and services.

c. Describe the bank function in providing checking accounts, savings accounts, and loans.

d. Describe the government function in taxation and providing certain public goods and public services.

SS5E3 Describe how consumers and producers interact in the U. S. economy.

a. Describe how competition, markets, and prices influence consumer behavior.

b. Describe how people earn income by selling their labor to businesses.

c. Describe how entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services to start a business.

SS5E4 Identify the elements of a personal budget (income, expenditures, and saving) and explain why personal spending and saving decisions are important.

5th Grade Social Studies Standards

Overview: In fifth grade, students are in the final year of a three year study of United States history in which all four strands (history, geography, civics/government, and economics) are integrated. Students begin the year learning about the growth of 19th century industry and innovation in the United States, and culminate the study with the events and impact of September 11, 2001. The geography strand emphasizes the influence of geography on U.S. history during these same time periods. In the civics/government strand, students learn about the rights of citizens contained within the Constitution, and how changes have been made over time to the Constitution to protect the rights of citizens. In the economic strand, students explore the ways consumers and producers have interacted in the American economy.
Standards Link: http://www.GeorgiaStandards.org

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